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Faced with the pneumonia epidemic of COVID-19 infection, how can we do personal protection in our daily lives? In the "Comic of Prevention and Control of COVID-19 Infection and Pneumonia" edited and published by China Population Press and the China Medical Publications Network team, the experts gave 10 practical suggestions：
1. Wash hands frequently and maintains good respiratory hygiene
Use soap or hand sanitizer and wash your hands with running water. Wipe your hands with disposable paper towels or clean towels. Wash hands immediately after touching respiratory secretions (such as after sneezing).
Maintain good respiratory hygiene. When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue, towel, etc. Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.
2. Enhance physical fitness, immunity, keep the environment clean and ventilated
Enhance physical fitness and immunity, a balanced diet, regular exercise, regular work and rest, and avoid excessive fatigue.
Open the window for ventilation no less than 3 times a day, each time 20 ~ 30 minutes. When the outdoor air quality is poor, the frequency and time of ventilation should be appropriately reduced.
3. Minimize activity in crowded places and focus on symptoms
Minimize activities in crowded places and avoid contact with patients with respiratory infections.
Symptoms of respiratory infections such as cough, runny nose, fever, etc. should be isolated at home and rest. Seek early consultation when persistent fever persists or symptoms worsen.
4. The role of handwashing in preventing respiratory-borne diseases
Proper handwashing is one of the most effective measures to prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections. Authorities such as the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, and others recommend that hands be thoroughly washed with soap and water (running water).
5. Washing your hands properly requires six steps:
1)Rub your hands and palms together (fold your hands together five times
2)Cross your fingers with your hands crossed (the palms of your hands are on the back of your hands, your hands are folded over each other, and your left and right hands are exchanged five times each
3)Rub the palms of your hands against the palms of your hands (the palms are interlaced with ten fingers, scrub five times
4)Wash your palms with your fingertips, the left and right hands are the same.
5)Hold the thumb of the other hand and scrub, rub the left and right hands five times each.
6)Bend your fingers to rotate and knead the joints in the palm of the other hand.
6. When do you need to wash your hands?
①Before and after passing the documents;
② After coughing or sneezing;
③ before, during and after preparing food;
④ Before eating;
⑤ After going to the toilet;
⑥ When hands are dirty;
⑦ After contacting others;
⑧After contact with animals;
⑨After going out.
7. What to do if I don't have clean water when traveling?
You can use alcohol-based disinfection products to clean your hands. Coronaviruses are resistant to acids and alkalis, and are sensitive to organic solvents and disinfectants. 75% of alcohol can inactivate the virus, so a certain concentration of alcohol-containing disinfection products can be used as a substitute for soap and running water.
8. How to choose a face mask?
Option 1: Choose a disposable medical mask when going out normally, and replace it for 4 hours continuously. Replace immediately after pollution or humidity;
Option two: N95 medical protective masks can be used in the hospital or in crowded places. Replace them for 4 hours. Replace immediately after pollution or humidity.
Cotton masks and sponge masks are not recommended.
9. Use masks properly
How to use medical masks.
① The mask is dark in color on the front side, and the front side should be outward, and there is a metal clip on the nosepiece on the medical mask.
② The face opposite to the face should be the opposite side of the medical mask, that is, the side with a lighter color. In addition, pay attention to the part with the metal strip above the mask, do not wear it upside down.
③ After clearly distinguishing the front, back, upper and lower ends of the mask, wash your hands and hang the ropes on the ears.
④ Finally, press the metal strips on both sides of the bridge of the nose with your hands to make the upper end of the mask close to the bridge of the nose, and then stretch the mask downward so that the mask does not leave folds and covers the nose and mouth.
10. How to wear masks for special people?
① Pregnant women wear protective masks and should pay attention to their own conditions and choose products with good comfort.
② The elderly and patients with chronic diseases with cardiopulmonary diseases will cause discomfort after wearing, and even exacerbate the original condition, you should seek professional guidance from a doctor.
③Children are at the stage of growth and development, and their faces are small. Children's protective masks should be selected.